One-Day Symposium – The Making of Animation (06-06-17)


June 6th, 2017

Maison de la Recherche, 4 rue des Irlandais 75005 Paris

Salle Claude Simon – Free access within the limit of available seats

(an ID card or a professional card may be required to access the building)

The academic departments EXPERICE (Paris 13 University) and IRCAV (Sorbonne Nouvelle University), both members of the academic cluster ICCA (« Cultural Industries and Artistic Creation »), with the support of NEF Animation, are proud to organize the upcoming symposium « The Making of Animation. A Creative Industry Captured by Social Sciences ». This scientific event aims at highlighting academic research dealing with animation as a production process and/or a socio-economic phenomenon. Designed as an opportunity for researchers to meet and exchange, it is expected to foster connexions with the animation industry itself.

In addition to thematic sessions mixing academic research and professional perspectives (in French), two keynote lectures given by Chris Pallant (Canterbury Christ Church University) and Timothy G. Jones (UCLA) will structure the emerging discussions.


9:00-9:15 Welcome Coffee

9:15-9:30 Introduction by Marie Pruvost-Delaspre (IRCAV, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle) & Sébastien François (LabEx ICCA)

9:30-10:30 Keynote Lecture #1

Chris Pallant (School of Media, Art and Design, Canterbury Christ Church University) : A History of Storyboarding Animation: Unpacking the Archive [Une histoire du storyboard pour l’animation : ouvrir les archives]

10:30-45 Break

10:45-12:15 Session #1: Professionnels en animation [Animating Professionals]  Moderation : Cécile Noesser (AFCA)

  • Gwenaële Rot (CSO, Sciences Po Paris) : Le travail cinématographique comme activité collective : quels enseignements pour le cinéma d’animation ?
  • Bérénice Bonhomme (LARA-SEPPIA, Université Toulouse – Jean Jaurès) : La fabrique de Persepolis
  • Thomas Schmidt (La Chambre aux Fresques / Université Sorbonne Nouvelle) : L’animation française au cinéma : des producteurs variés

12:15-13:30 Lunch

13:30-15:00 Session #2 : Des modes de création du dessin animé [Cartoons and their modes of creation]  Moderation : Sébastien Roffat (Université Sorbonne Nouvelle)

  • Gilles Brougère (EXPERICE, Université Paris 13) : Petit Poilu s’anime : d’une bande dessinée d’auteur(s) à la production collective d’un dessin animé
  • Pascale Garnier & Sébastien François (EXPERICE, Université Paris 13) : Des modes d’existence du dessin animé : création et coordination dans le domaine de l’animation
  • Intervention d’un professionnel : Joseph Jacquet (France Télévisions)

15:00-15:15 Pause

15:15-16:45 Session #3 : Enjeux historiques et critiques  [Historical and Critical Perspectives] Moderation : Marie-France Chambat-Houillon (CEISME, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle)

  • Marco Pellitteri (Kobe University) : Goldorak et l’essor des anime en Europe : le curieux cas de l’arrivée de l’animation japonaise en France et Italie
  • Mélanie Lallet (CIM-MCPN, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle / Université Rennes 2) : « Ça dépend sur qui tu tombes » : la prise en compte des questions de genre dans la fabrique des programmes d’animation audiovisuelle française
  • Intervention d’un professionnel : Marc du Pontavice (studio Xilam)

16:45-17:00 Break

17:00-18:00 Keynote Lecture #2

Timothy Jones (UCLA) : Making Animation Culture: Industrial Theorizing in Indian Animation [Créer (une culture) de l’animation indienne]

18:00-18:15 Conclusion


This one-day symposium is organized by Sébastien François (LabEx ICCA) and Marie Pruvost-Delaspre (IRCAV, Sorbonne Nouvelle University), with the support of the academic cluster LabEx ICCA, the academic departments EXPERICE (Université Paris 13) and IRCAV (Université Sorbonne Nouvelle), and the association NEF Animation.

For any query, please use the contact formular.


« The Making of Animation » is a scientific event that aims at promoting the study of animated production from the point of view of social sciences. It is an opportunity to bring together researchers engaged in socio-economic reflections around the production of animated contents.

This type of research is conducted within various disciplines (media and film studies, sociology, history, etc.), but rather independently, and seems relatively underdeveloped, in France or everywhere else, compared to works regarding the aesthetics or the reception of animated contents. The situation is quite paradoxical given the economic weight of the sector in some countries: for example, the French animation industry and market are among the most dynamic in the world, but numerous aspects of this « field », from a sociological perspective, are neglected by research and their analysis is frequently left to institutional actors, such as the CNC (Centre National du Cinéma et de l’image animée).

However, there is a lot of work to be done. The creative process and working conditions in the animation industry have not been documented beyond the technical guides intended for professionals themselves or making-of aimed at the general public. Many of the artistic professions in animation still need a proper sociology, while the coordination of people, to initiate, finance, produce or distribute projects, is mostly a « black box » yet. In short, few academic studies in social sciences have considered animation production as a legitimate object, with the exception of works like Ian Condry’s or, more recently, Timothy Jones’ PhD dissertation.

Media production studies or emerging concepts, for example from the sociology of culture and work, such as « intermediaries », suggest nevertheless that the occupations and practices within animation production could be captured much more subtly. Similarly, the transformations encountered by the sector, as well as its very diverse modes of creation, should invite scholars to question its depictions as a « cultural » or « creative industry ».

Consequently, it seemed important to give visibility to works attempting to tackle these issues. This one-day symposium will give researchers interested in these subjects an opportunity to compare their approaches and methods, and perhaps to initiate new investigations and collaborations. As they make this type of research possible and because they may be positively concerned by the results, professionals from the animation industry will be invited to express their views and to exhange with academics.


Credits : animateurs travaillant sur le film Le Avventure di Pinocchio (Romolo Bacchini) ; animation studio (Yulia Sanchez, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) ; VFS Classical Animation: Digital Ink & Paint (Vancouver Film School,CC BY 2.0) ; affiche réalisée par Anne Le Normand (NEF)